Mikhail Begunov
Mikhail Begunov Mikhail Begunov

Mikhail Begunov

Member of the Chamber of Tax Consultants, Lawyer at the Moscow Chamber of Advocates
Industries

Manufacturing, IT business, Pharmaceuticals, Retail, Real Estate and Construction

V CARD V CARD
Biography

Managing Partner of Tax Compliance, professional "tax" lawyer.

He has more than 18 years of experience in the field of taxes and taxation. Before heading Tax Complaint, Mikhail worked in the structure of the Federal Tax Service, having worked his way up from specialist to head of department, as well as in a consulting company as one of the partners, where he supervised the tax direction.

Mikhail specializes in representing clients in complex tax disputes and assisting in conducting desk and field tax audits. With his assistance, a significant number of tax disputes were resolved in favor of clients even at the pre-trial stage.

He has considerable experience advising clients on a wide range of issues related to the application of tax legislation, as well as on the aging of tax statistics and forecasting of industry tax risks in the construction, retail and transport industries.

Mikhail's professionalism and the high level of projects implemented by him are recognized by key international and Russian legal ratings (Pravo-300, Kommersant, Best Lawyers), marking him among the best tax lawyers in the country.

Certified tax consultant. Member of the Chamber of Tax Consultants since 2007. Member of the Association of Lawyers of Russia.

Regular speaker of specialized tax conferences and author of articles and comments for business media.

Cases

Construction Successfully
refund

Support of VAT refund procedure

Confirm the possibility of a VAT refund

  • Purpose

    Confirmation of the actual costs of a large developer-investor to obtain a VAT refund from the budget

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    The client was rendered services on justification of expenses for construction of non-residential premises. As a result of support of desk audit of VAT return for refund, the tax authority established the illegality of claimed deductions in the chain of suppliers due to the lack of a source for VAT refunds. As part of the audit support, the tax authority succeeded in developing a legal position that confirmed the reality of performing the work by contractors. They also managed to prove that there were no grounds to hold the client liable for the actions of third parties for non-payment of taxes to the budget and formation of VAT gaps.

  • Result

    As a result of consulting on the submission of supporting primary documents, preparation of contractor witnesses, it was possible to refund the entire claimed amount of VAT from the budget.

Retail Successfully
Court settlement of tax disputes

Representing a major distributor in court on the issue of interim measures and suspension of the tax authority's decision

It has been proven that the adoption of interim measures will not upset the balance of public and private interests and will allow the client to continue to conduct its business.

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    The client, with the support of Tax Compliance, applied to court for suspension of the tax authority's decision based on the results of an on-site tax audit. Enforcement of that decision could have caused considerable damage to the company and paralyzed its activity, taking into consideration the substantial amount of tax charges that could have been critical for the client's business.

  • Result

    We managed to work out a convincing legal position, based on which the court took interim measures. Representatives of the tax authority appealed the interim measures, but thanks to the efforts of our lawyers the court ruling was upheld, despite the fact that according to statistics less than 37% of applications for interim measures are satisfied by the courts.

Construction Successfully
Support in the framework of pre-test analysis

The tax authority decided not to conduct an on-site tax audit of the taxpayer

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    The tax authority, as part of its pre-inspection analysis, concluded that the taxpayer had accounted for tax purposes for business transactions with "technical" companies. In view of the above, the taxpayer was offered to adjust its tax liabilities by more than 17 million rubles. The Tax Compliance team helped the client to elaborate a legal position that confirmed: (1) the reality of business transactions with the disputed counterparties; (2) the client's "commercial" discretion before entering into relations with the disputed counterparties; (3) the reality of obligations fulfillment under transactions directly by the declared counterparties.

  • Result

    The tax authority accepted the arguments of the taxpayer, and decided not to conduct an on-site tax audit against him.

Production Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Support of the client in the framework of the appeal of the client on the issue of the legality of accounting exchange rate differences

Settled a dispute with the tax authority on the legality of accounting exchange rate differences for income tax purposes

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    The Company was accounting for profit taxation purposes for income/expenses in the form of exchange rate differences. Based on the results of the on-site tax audit, the tax authority concluded that the Company's expenses in the form of exchange rate differences do not meet the criterion of documentary support and should not be taken into account for profit taxation purposes

  • Result

    The Tax Compliance team has prepared an appeal to the superior tax authority (Department of the Federal Tax Service of the subject), in which it: (1) presented evidence of sufficient documentary support of the respective expenses; (2) pointed out the methodological errors committed by the auditors in calculating the additional tax charges. Upon consideration of the appeal, the superior tax authority upheld the Company's position in full.

Retail Successfully
Support of tax audits

Support of tax control measures to confirm the reality of providing services by contractors

The client was provided with services to support an on-site tax audit and development of a legal position to confirm the costs of logistics services of unfair counterparties.

  • Purpose

    Elimination of tax risks of understatement of the tax base for VAT and income tax

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    A large distribution company sought legal assistance to develop a legal position justifying the involvement of disputed logistics companies. The tax authority disputed the reality of providing logistics services because the goods were not stored in the warehouses stated in the primary documents with the counterparties, including the tax authority found the controllability of the involved logistics companies and the lack of sufficient manpower to provide services to the client. As a part of audit support services were rendered for preparation of answers to demands of tax authorities for clarification and documentation of actual goods movement through warehouses of separate subdivisions of the company and further transfer of goods both to logistics companies and ultimate purchasers of the client. Services were rendered to strengthen the legal position, including preparation and accompaniment of client's representatives for questioning by the tax authorities. Prepared legal position with documentary evidence of availability of material resources from counterparties to provide logistics services to the client.

  • Result

    According to the results of consideration of the explanations and documents provided by the client on the actual order of execution of obligations by the disputed counterparties, it was possible to prove that the transactions concluded were not aimed at obtaining unjustified tax savings.

Construction Successfully
Health-check

Express - analysis of client's business activities for the presence of tax risks

Tax Compliance team carried out a health-check of client's business activities for the presence of tax risks

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov, Oksana Kalashnikova

  • Process description

    The Tax Compliance team had the task to perform an express analysis of the client's business activities to check the presence of tax risks. The project successfully applied the model of "risk-oriented" approach that implies checking the areas of the Company's business activities most exposed to tax risks (income tax and VAT).

  • Result

    Based on the results of the analysis, the Tax Compliance team has identified certain business transactions that are the most associated with tax risks and developed a set of measures aimed at reducing them.

Retail Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Confirmation of the absence of an unjustified tax benefit in the form of a surcharge on goods

The client provided services to appeal against the results of a field tax audit, the basis for the collection of taxes was the assumption of the tax authority of the fictitious nature of the transaction to increase the price of goods

  • Purpose

    Confirm the actual movement of goods from importer to customer, confirm the absence of a scheme to obtain an unjustified tax benefit

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    An on-site audit was carried out in relation to a client, as a result of which additional VAT and profits tax were charged on relations with a controlled transit counterparty. According to the tax authority, the actual purchase of goods was carried out directly from a foreign supplier. As part of the legal defense, a legal position has been developed to calculate and document the actual expenses of the Company on the acquisition of goods based on the price set by the foreign counterparty, as well as costs associated with the transportation of goods. Due to the absence of primary documents, the Company initiated an independent expert assessment of the market value of transportation and other direct expenses included in the markup of goods from the disputed counterparties.

  • Result

    According to the results of the developed legal position it was possible to prove the lack of controllability between the participants in the chain of contractual relations, to confirm the economic feasibility of the transaction, as well as the reality of the financial and economic activities of the disputed counterparties.

transport Successfully
Advising on the application of tax legislation

Advising the client on personal income taxation of individuals working outside the Russian Federation

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Ivan Tsvetkov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    The Tax Compliance team was given the task of analyzing the tax risks associated with the procedure for taxing the income of individuals working outside of Russia.

  • Result

    The Tax Compliance team has identified the areas most exposed to tax risks and prepared recommendations for improving document management (in terms of processing the client's labor relations with employees working outside of Russia) based on the results of the analysis.

Pharmaceuticals Successfully
Court settlement of tax disputes

Judicial protection of the interests of a major pharmaceutical company in challenging the claims of transactions with "unfair" counterparties

The tax authority revealed violations of tax laws on relations with suppliers and charged the company with the appropriate mandatory payments

  • Purpose

    Appealing the decision of the tax authority on the field tax audit of the relationship on the supply of raw materials with certain counterparties

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    According to the results of the second field tax audit in connection with the violation of the rules of Art. 54.1 of the Tax Code, the company was charged a significant amount of additional taxes and penalties in terms of transactions for the supply of raw materials concluded with several counterparties. During the trial, the court was presented with evidence of the uniqueness of the raw materials purchased from the disputed counterparties and their actual use in production, the circumstances of the conclusion and execution of transactions by the disputed counterparties, as well as the availability of material and labor resources in sufficient volume.

  • Result

    The legal position developed by our specialists made it possible to appeal against additional tax charges of 117 million rubles on several counterparties. The court decision to invalidate the results of the field tax audit in this part was upheld in courts of appellate and cassation instances. The client was able to use the position developed to challenge the actions of the tax authority in the framework of field audits for other tax periods in respect of the same counterparties.

transport 280 mln ₽
Transfer pricing

Challenged the position of the tax authority on the audit of transfer pricing

The tax authority's position on the application of price adjustments between parties to a financial and economic transaction has been appealed as part of the tax audit of transfer pricing.

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    Price adjustment would have entailed an additional charge of income tax on the formed tax base based on the market prices of the transaction. The project developed a legal position indicating that the formed pricing corresponds to the market level, because the calculation of the cost of the taxpayer's goods contains production costs, economically justified in terms of the type of activity.

  • Result

    As a result of the successful legal defense, additional tax assessments in the amount of 280 million ₽ were avoided.

Construction 70 mln ₽
Support of tax audits

Support of a field audit of a construction company and preparation of a tax reconstruction calculation that allowed to reduce the amount of tax claims by half

During the on-site tax audit, the Inspectorate found that the Company had concluded contracts for construction work and the supply of building materials with "technical" organizations that were financially and administratively controlled by the Company.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    The task was complicated by the fact that - the volume of money transfers from the Company to "technical" organizations was 70% and higher; - Access to bank accounts and the electronic document management system with the fiscal authorities was carried out from the same device at the same time interval; - overlap of key employees; - coordination of business activities of "technical" organizations was performed by the Company; - the Company had direct relations with the actual suppliers and contractors before the inclusion of "technical" organizations in the chain of suppliers and contractors; - part of funds sent by the Company to the accounts of "technical" organizations was subsequently transferred by them to the accounts of actual suppliers and contractors.

  • Result

    Our lawyers have achieved the application of tax reconstruction according to the letter № БВ-4-7/3060@ of 10.03.2021 issued by the Federal Tax Service of Russia, thanks to which the Inspectorate has taken into account the real amount of expenses, attributable to the services of actual contractors and suppliers. Also, to confirm the reality of the expenses we have prepared and submitted a package of documents. Actions of Tax Compliance lawyers helped to reduce the amount of tax claims by half and formed the practice of tax reconstruction.

Retail 23 mln ₽
Currency regulation

The company's interests in the case of violation of currency legislation were protected in arbitration courts of three instances.

Challenging of the tax authority decision on violation of the terms of loan repayment, issued by the taxpayer to a foreign company.

  • Duration

    June 2019 - March 2020

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Andrey Solomyany

  • Process description

    In the opinion of the tax authority, the organization violated the term for receiving (returning) the deposit by a resident of foreign currency in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement issued by the taxpayer to the foreign company

  • Result

    As a result, all claims of the tax authority with regard to violation of terms for receiving foreign currency by a resident in accordance with the terms of the loan agreement were successfully challenged in courts of 3 instances, as the tax authority did not take into account the submitted additional agreements to the loan agreement with the foreign company.

transport Successfully
Advising on the application of tax legislation

A transportation company sought advice on assessing tax risks in a transaction involving the sale of interest-bearing bonds.

  • Purpose

    Structuring of tax risks and minimization of possible tax claims

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    A client engaged in helicopter transportation rendered consulting services for the analysis of tax risks in a transaction involving the sale of interest-bearing bonds, which resulted in a loss. Due to the fact that the securities are not traded on the organized securities market and were sold to a related party, there was a risk of additional profit tax charges when accounting for expenses on the purchase of securities.

  • Result

    Implementation of the project made it possible to eliminate the probability of tax claims

Pharmaceuticals Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Preparation of a legal position confirming the reality of delivery of goods by the counterparty involved

The client was provided with services to appeal the results of a field tax audit, provided legal assistance to justify the disputed supply of raw materials and reduce the amount of taxes to be recovered

  • Purpose

    Confirmation of the actual size of the client's tax liabilities due to the tax reconstruction procedure

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    A tax audit was carried out in relation to the client, the basis for the collection of taxes was the assumption of the tax authority of the fictitious nature of the supply of raw materials for some suppliers. It was proved at the stage of objections and additional measures of tax control that it is necessary to measure quantitative indicators at the beginning and at the end of the production process. The tax authority was given the calculations for write-offs of the materials purchased from the disputed contractors and the information about the residuals of raw materials. The tax authority's claims have been partly withdrawn in relation to profits tax. The taxpayer's objections were partially satisfied in the amount of 343 mln rubles. Within the framework of the appeal to the superior body the client's claims on recalculation of tax liabilities were partially satisfied.

  • Result

    A positive practice of pre-trial appealing the acts of tax authorities in respect of manufacturers of medicines is formed, taking into account the specifics of the industry. The importance of the project is to provide legal assistance to the manufacturer of vital and socially important drugs.

Construction Successfully
Support of tax audits

Preparation of a legal position to confirm the reality of the relationship with subcontractors

The client was provided with services to appeal the results of the field tax audit and preparation of documentary evidence to confirm the reality of work performed by subcontractors.

  • Purpose

    Elimination of tax risks of understatement of the tax base for VAT and income tax

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    An on-site tax audit is being conducted in respect of the client, the tax authority does not confirm the performance of construction and installation works by subcontractors, since the actual performers of the works have not been identified. In the frame of legal defense and support of tax control measures we rendered services on search of factual executors of works according to materials, provided by tax authorities within the frame of on site tax audit. The procedure of tax reconstruction in view of the submitted primary documents on the actual executors of works, which were involved by the disputed subcontractors, was carried out. An information letter was sent to the tax authority in order to confirm that the client is ready to pay the tax arrears, taking into account the recalculation of the amount of unjustified tax savings before the delivery of the decision on the audit.

  • Result

    Implementation of the project allowed to reduce the amount of income tax and VAT arrears

Production Successfully
Support in the framework of pre-test analysis

Assisting the client in preparing a legal position on the "splitting" of the business

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov, Ivan Tsvetkov

  • Process description

    The tax authority, as part of its pre-inspection analysis, concluded that the taxpayer used a "split" business scheme. In particular, the tax authority believed that: (1) the inclusion of a retailer who applied the simplified taxation system ("Counterparty") in the chain "producer - end buyer" is due solely to tax motives; (2) the taxpayer and the counterparty are interdependent business entities. In view of the above, the taxpayer was requested to adjust its tax liabilities and submit revised tax returns. The Tax Compliance team helped the client to elaborate a legal position confirming that (1) business transactions with the Counterparty are real; (2) business transactions with the Counterparty have a business purpose; (3) no interdependence exists between the taxpayer and the Counterparty.

  • Result

    The tax authority accepted the arguments of the taxpayer.

Pharmaceuticals 343 mln ₽
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Withdrawn claims of the tax authority against suppliers of raw materials for medicines

We disputed the claim of the tax authority to suppliers of raw materials for medicines.

  • Purpose

    Claims of the tax authority for income tax were partially withdrawn. The taxpayer's objections were partially satisfied in the amount of 343 million ₽. Positive practice of pre-trial appeal against acts of tax authorities in relation to manufacturers of medicines was formed taking into consideration the specifics of the industry.

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    At the stage of objections and additional activities it was proved that it is necessary to measure quantitative indicators at the beginning and at the end of the production process. The tax authority has been provided with calculations on writing-off materials purchased from contested counterparties and information on raw material remainders.

  • Result

    Claims of the tax authority for income tax were partially withdrawn. The taxpayer's objections were partially satisfied in the amount of 343 million ₽. Positive practice of pre-trial appeal against acts of tax authorities in relation to manufacturers of medicines was formed taking into consideration the specifics of the industry.

Construction 7.5 mln ₽
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Support of the client in appeal against the decision of the tax authority on the issue of bringing to responsibility for willful non-payment of taxes

Cancelled the decision of the tax authority to hold the taxpayer liable under paragraph 3 of Article 122 of the Tax Code ("willful" failure to pay taxes).

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    Based on the results of a tax audit, the tax authorities brought the taxpayer to liability provided for in Paragraph 3, Article 122 of the RF Tax Code ("willful" failure to pay taxes / 40% fine). Tax Compliance team helped the client develop a legal position according to which the tax authority had no grounds for qualification of the taxpayer's actions as "intentional".

  • Result

    The higher tax authority accepted the arguments of the taxpayer. In particular, the qualification of the tax offense was changed and additional mitigating circumstances were taken into account. As a result, the penalties were reduced by 87%. The economic effect for the client was 7.5 million ₽.

Retail Successfully
Tax monitoring

Preparation of documents for joining the tax monitoring system, updating accounting policy for tax accounting purposes

Accompanying the transition of a major trading company to tax monitoring

  • Purpose

    Connection to the tax monitoring system and reducing the risk of additional additional tax assessments.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova, Oksana Kalashnikova

  • Process description

    Within support of the procedure of transfer to tax monitoring the client was rendered services on preparation of documents according to the requirements of the Federal Tax Service Russian FTS. In particular, it was actualized and brought in compliance with the effective tax legislation, the accounting policy for tax accounting purposes, documents regulating the company's internal control system were prepared of the company, and prepared tables and data on coordinators of of subdivisions and levels of control within the company.

  • Result

    Successful work on the analysis and preparation of documents required for the transition to tax monitoring, as well as interaction with the tax authority to address procedural issues in connecting to the tax monitoring system, allowed the client to take advantage of the transition to this mode of tax control and reduce the risk of additional additional tax assessments.

Construction Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Support of the client in appealing to the Central Office of the Federal Tax Service of Russia against the decision of the tax authority on the issue of bringing to responsibility for willful non-payment of taxes

The Federal Tax Service has decided to reduce the amount of penalties for non-payment of taxes

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    The tax authority based on the results of a tax audit held the taxpayer liable for non-payment of taxes. On appeal, the superior tax authority accepted some of the taxpayer's arguments, but refused to take into account certain mitigating circumstances in order to reduce the amount of penalties. The Tax Compliance team helped the client develop a legal position for submission to the Central Office of the Russian Federal Tax Service.

  • Result

    The Central Office of the Federal Tax Service accepted the arguments of the taxpayer. In particular, certain mitigating circumstances were taken into account. As a result, the amount of penalties was reduced fourfold.

Retail Successfully
Criminal defense of business for tax crimes

Represented a major distributor of perfumes and cosmetics in a tax dispute in arbitration court in a criminal case for tax evasion on the grounds of the crime under Part 2 Article 199 of the Criminal Code.

We proved the illegality of the initiation of criminal proceedings and obtained the cancellation of the case by the prosecutor's office

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Alexander Dmitriev

  • Process description

    Investigative authorities have initiated criminal proceedings against managers of an organization on the grounds of committing a crime under part 2 of Art. 199 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Our lawyers have analyzed the resolution on institution of criminal proceedings and came to the conclusion that it may be cancelled on the following grounds: First reason for cancellation - in the framework of the preliminary investigation the Client's officials, who managed the company during the tax audit, were not interrogated, the role of each of them is not defined, that does not allow to make a conclusion on the presence of the actions of a specific person of the elements of the crime, provided by Art. 199 part 2 of the Criminal Code. 2 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE. The second reason for cancellation - the decision of the tax authority to prosecute for a tax offense suspended by the arbitration court before making a decision on the court case on the Company's application to recognize the decision of the tax authority invalid and, in addition, by the time of institution of criminal proceedings established by Article 32 § 3 of the Tax Code has not expired, and, respectively, the materials of the tax authorities were sent to investigative authorities in violation of the law.

  • Result

    Tax Compliance attorneys were able to prove the illegality of the initiation of criminal proceedings, the prosecutor's office considered the complaint and issued a resolution to cancel the investigator's resolution to initiate a criminal case. The initiation of criminal proceedings against the Client under Art. 199 of the Criminal Code was cancelled by the prosecutor's office.

Construction Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Preparation of a legal position confirming the reality of delivery of goods by a subcontractor

The client was provided services to appeal the results of an on-site tax audit, according to the act was established the minimization of tax liabilities on the difference between the cost of works and materials supplied and the withdrawal of this difference in order to illegally cash out through the subcontracting "transit" companies.

  • Purpose

    Confirmation of the actual size of the client's tax liabilities due to the tax reconstruction procedure.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    According to the results of an on-site tax audit, the tax authority points to the creation of a fictitious document flow with subcontractors engaged in order to acquire, in fact, goods (building materials), while overstating the cost of construction and VAT deductions. The amount of tax arrears is calculated from the full amount of the transaction on financial and economic relations with the disputed counterparties. As a part of support of additional tax control measures we rendered services on preparation of legal position for tax reconstruction in order to calculate the actual tax liabilities of the client. The primary documents confirming the client's expenses on purchase of materials used in construction of the facilities were submitted to apply the computational method of tax liabilities determination.

  • Result

    As a result of successfully developed legal position at the stage of support of additional measures of tax control it was possible to reduce the amount of additional tax charges in the amount of not less than 3 billion rubles.

Construction Successfully
Support of tax audits

The client was provided with services to appeal the results of the field tax audit and preparation of documentary evidence to confirm the reality of work performed by subcontractors.

  • Purpose

    Elimination of tax risks of understatement of the tax base for VAT and income tax

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    An on-site tax audit is being conducted in respect of the client, the tax authority does not confirm the performance of construction and installation works by subcontractors, since the actual performers of the works have not been identified. In the frame of legal defense and support of tax control measures we rendered services on search of factual executors of works according to materials, provided by tax authorities within the frame of on site tax audit. The procedure of tax reconstruction in view of the submitted primary documents on the actual executors of works, which were involved by the disputed subcontractors, was carried out. An information letter was sent to the tax authority in order to confirm that the client is ready to pay the tax arrears, taking into account the recalculation of the amount of unjustified tax savings before the delivery of the decision on the audit.

  • Result

    Implementation of the project allowed to reduce the amount of income tax and VAT arrears

Retail Successfully
Criminal defense of business for tax crimes

Represented a major supplier of shut-off and control valves in a criminal case brought under Article 199 of the Russian Criminal Code before the tax authorities' decision on the field audit.

Reduced the amount of damage by six times and achieved the termination of the criminal case

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Alexander Dmitriev, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    At the stage of pre-trial appeal of the tax authorities' decision, the law enforcement officers included in the audit, without waiting for the completion of the tax audit, forwarded the collected materials to the investigating authorities for initiation of a criminal case under part 2 article 199 of the Criminal Code. The criminal case was brought against the CEO and an unidentified group of people from the company's management. The amount of damage, according to the tax and investigative authorities amounted to more than 500 million rubles.

  • Result

    In accordance with the correctly built strategy of defense in the investigation of the criminal case and as a result of additional measures of tax control, lawyers and employees of Tax Compliance provided documents on "tax reconstruction", disclosed the real tax liabilities, as well as conducted an examination of the costs of transporting goods, which allowed to reduce the damages to 80 million rubles and termination of the criminal case on the fact of absence of corpus delicti in connection with the payment of arrears.

193 mln ₽
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Claim of the tax authority on improper use of VAT credits was disputed.

To dispute the claims of the tax authority on the improper use of tax credits for VAT.

  • Duration

    June 2019 - December 2019

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Alexander Dmitriev

  • Process description

    Additional tax control measures were taken. Evidence of the absence of interdependence with suppliers of equipment was presented. The price of the purchased equipment is indicated to be corresponding to the market level. All established violations concerned beneficiaries-importers of the supplied products, rather than the taxpayer.

  • Result

    Claims of the tax authority were disputed. A positive practice was formed on additional payments to companies that supply imported equipment through a chain of suppliers

Pharmaceuticals Successfully
Advising on the application of tax legislation

Analysis of tax risks associated with the possible qualification of the nature of the Group's business (federal pharmacy chain) as a "split" business scheme

Recommendations were prepared to change the structure of economic relations within the Group in order to comply with the requirements of Article 54.1 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    The team had the task to analyze the nature of the Group's activities for the risks of imputing the scheme of "splitting" the business. The team analyzed: (1) circumstances of business entities within the Group in terms of meeting the conditions for the application of special tax regimes; (2) circumstances of creation of certain business entities; (3) specifics of business relationships within the Group.

  • Result

    Based on the results of the analysis, the risks of qualifying the nature of the Group's activities as a "split" business scheme were identified and recommendations for changing the structure of business relationships within the Group were developed.

Retail 1 billion ₽
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

Preparation of a legal position to confirm the reality of the relationship with the disputed importers of goods

The client provided services to appeal the results of the field tax audit, the basis for the recovery of taxes was the assumption of the tax authority of the fictitious nature of the supply of equipment to some suppliers.

  • Purpose

    Confirm the actual movement of goods from the importer to the customer, to confirm the absence of tax benefits in the form of overvaluation of goods.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    As part of the on-site tax audit, the tax authority assumed the deliberate involvement of dubious counterparties in the chain of financial relationships to artificially increase the price from the importer. The developed legal position made it possible to prove that the involved counterparty imported goods in the declared volumes, which is confirmed by the information reflected in the customs declarations. Primary documents confirming the availability of goods in the client's warehouses during the audited period, as well as counterparties' expenses for the delivery of goods to the client were presented.

  • Result

    As a result of successful appeal we managed to reduce the amount of additional tax charges to 83 million rubles. It was important for the client's business to challenge the additional charges based on the results of the field tax audit, as their size is substantial and in case of non-payment there is a risk of bringing the CEO of the organization to criminal liability.

It-biznes Successfully
Tax support for IT-business

Checking the possibility of applying the tax incentives provided for in the IT maneuver

Analysis of the client's business structure for the possibility of applying the tax benefits provided for in the IT maneuver

  • Purpose

    The Tax Compliance team had the task of analyzing certain types of business transactions for the possibility of applying VAT and income tax benefits.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov

  • Process description

    Analysis of individual business transactions for their compliance with the conditions for the application of VAT exemption and accounting for the purpose of 90% threshold of income from IT-activities was carried out.

  • Result

    Based on the results of the analysis, Tax Compliance team has come to the conclusion that the business operations of the client comply with the conditions stipulated by Articles 149 and 284 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation; recommendations on the improvement of the internal document flow in the company have been prepared as well. As a result, the client decided to start applying the tax benefits provided for by the IT maneuver.

It-biznes Successfully
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

The decision of the field tax audit was reversed in the pre-trial procedure

The field tax audit period was disputed.

  • Duration

    June 2019 - December 2019

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    The tax authority appointed a field audit after the company's reorganization started, although the field audit partially covers the periods of previous audits. An appeal was lodged to a higher tax authority. The field tax audit was reversed.

  • Result

    We cancelled the results of the field tax audit for the previously inspected period. There is a positive practice of pre-trial appeal against the decision of tax authorities to appoint an on-site tax audit for the same tax period in case of its appointment in connection with the reorganization or liquidation of the company under Article 89 of the Tax Code.

transport Successfully
Advising on the application of tax legislation

Analysis of tax risks in debt restructuring

The airline sought advice on the assessment of tax risks in the restructuring of debt on purchased discounted borrowings.

  • Purpose

    Exclusion of tax claims from the tax authorities, structuring the transaction according to the model of issuing preferred shares by the company and the possibility of applying Article 277 of the Tax Code when offsetting obligations.

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    A client of a major airline company was advised on analyzing tax risks associated with the purchase of discounted debt from credit institutions and the offsetting of debt obligations against securities.

  • Result

    Legal position aimed at justification and structuring of the transaction allowed the client to exclude the possibility of tax claims on income tax, as well as to take into account the losses of previous tax periods in the expenses.

Retail Successfully
Support of tax audits

Elimination of risks of reclassification of transaction with interdependent company-lender.

The client received services to support tax control measures to verify the legality of the reflection of interest on loans received from an interdependent company with a foreign interest in the expenses and to verify compliance with currency legislation

  • Purpose

    Confirmation of the economic feasibility of borrowing funds from a related company in order to avoid reclassification of the transaction as payment of "hidden" dividends.

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    As part of the ongoing activities, the tax authority planned to schedule an audit and recognize the transaction as an actual payment of dividends to the ultimate beneficiaries and recognition of interest on loans subject to capitalization and controlled indebtedness. As part of the legal assistance provided to the tax authority, documents and clarifications were prepared to confirm the actual purpose and direction of the use of borrowed funds.

  • Result

    According to the results of consideration of materials, it was possible to prove that the transaction to attract the loan funds is not aimed at misrepresenting the facts of financial and economic activity and does not imply an intent to increase the cost of the client and receive an unjustified tax benefit for income tax.

Construction Successfully
Tax Audit

Successful tax audit to identify "problematic" counterparties

The tax authority has sent an information letter to encourage the taxpayer to adjust the tax base for VAT and make an additional payment to the budget of 80 million ₽.

  • Duration

    2019

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Alexander Dmitriev

  • Process description

    In the course of tax audit of problematic counterparties, real tax risks in terms of relationships with suppliers were established, which amounted to 15 million ₽. In the other part of the requirements of the tax authority were not proved: the organization provided the primary documents with the substantiation of the reality of supplies, as well as the documents on full reflection by the suppliers of the amounts of proceeds from sales in VAT declarations, and their contact information.

  • Result

    As a result of a successful tax audit, the organization independently adjusted the tax base for VAT and paid 15 million ₽ on their own. This allowed avoiding field tax audits and additional penalties.

Construction Successfully
refund

Confirmation of the validity of the application for VAT refund outside the three-year period

Confirm the possibility of a VAT refund

  • Purpose

    Services were rendered to confirm the actual costs of the shared participant in the construction of non-residential premises

  • Employee involved

    Mikhail Begunov

  • Process description

    A legal entity, a shareholder of non-residential premises construction, applied for legal assistance on VAT refund from the budget on invoices issued by agency method through the developer of the construction. The builder had been deducting invoices for a long period of more than 5 years and reissued them to the client. As part of the audit support, we were able to develop a legal position confirming the reality of work performed by the developer's counterparties, including the validity of VAT refunds from the budget on invoices beyond the three-year period.

  • Result

    As a result of consulting on the submission of supporting primary documents, preparation of contractor witnesses, it was possible to refund the entire claimed amount of VAT from the budget.

Retail Successfully
Tax support of transactions

Restructuring of business in order to apply exemption from VAT and insurance premiums

The client seeks advice on restructuring the business of three companies in order to apply the tax exemption for VAT and insurance premiums.

  • Purpose

    Elimination of tax risks of unreasonable splitting of client's financial and economic activity due to redistribution of income to several organizations in order to meet the criteria for tax relief.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    A fast-casual catering client needed to restructure its business so that each created company could apply the income tax and insurance contributions exemption. The purpose of the developed legal position was to prove the absence of interdependence between the client and the established companies, to confirm the economic independence of the activities of the established companies, to exclude the tax risks inherent in the scheme of illegal business splitting due to the conclusion of a commercial concession agreement between the participants of financial transactions.

  • Result

    Implementation of the project allowed to reduce the tax burden of the client in subsequent tax periods by at least 200 million rubles per calendar year

Retail 520 millions ₽
Support of tax audits

Protecting the interests of the largest supplier of oil and gas equipment to domestic and global industry leaders.

The Federal Tax Service inspected the client and assessed additional VAT and income tax. Tax Compliance experts managed to reduce the additional charges by 85%.

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Yulia Pavlova

  • Process description

    The tax audit was carried out in respect of the Client; as a result of it the tax authority decided to assess additional VAT and profit tax on the relations with the controllable transit counterparty created for the purpose of artificial document flow in order to withdraw money for uncontrolled turnover through the one-day companies. The lawyers contested the decision of the tax authorities, worked out a legal position that allowed calculating and documenting the Client's actual expenses related to the purchase of goods, and successfully initiated an independent expert evaluation of the market value of transportation expenses included in the surcharge on goods from the transit counterparty.

  • Result

    The amount of charges was reduced by 520 million rubles, or 85% of tax claims. Lawyers formed the law enforcement practice under Article 54.1 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation in terms of real tax liabilities ("reconstruction of VAT and income tax").

Construction 50 mln ₽
Pre-court settlement of tax disputes

It was proved that there was no affiliation with suppliers, and reality of subcontractors’ activities.

Claims of the tax authority were partially eliminated. Claims of the tax authority on the involvement of "unscrupulous counterparties" were withdrawn.

  • Duration

    October 2019 - March 2020

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Alexander Dmitriev

  • Process description

    With the help of additional tax control measures, the reality of subcontractors' activities was proved. The absence of intent in the actions of the client and lack of affiliation with suppliers, which partially confirmed the disputed shipments, was proved.

  • Result

    Claims of the tax authority for the field inspection report were appealed and partially withdrawn. Positive pre-trial appeal against the acts of tax authorities in favor of taxpayers under 54.1 of the Tax Code was formed.

Construction Successfully
Analysis of the system for interaction with counterparties

Analysis of the effectiveness of the taxpayer's internal control system for selecting and interacting with counterparties

Increased efficiency of internal control system for the client's selection and interaction with counterparties

  • Employees involved

    Mikhail Begunov, Nikita Zharov, Oksana Kalashnikova

  • Process description

    The Tax Compliance team was tasked to analyze the client's internal control system for the risks of entering into/interacting with "technical" companies. The project analyzed: (1) internal documents of the client; (2) the client's approach to audit activities in relation to potential / existing counterparties; (3) the functionality of the client's responsible employees.

  • Result

    The Tax Compliance team identified ineffective areas of the internal control system and prepared recommendations aimed at reducing the risks of entering into business relationships/interactions with "technical" companies.

Publications